Gigging (spearing) for southern flounder, a form of spearfishing, is one of several alternative fishing methods that are practiced in saltwater estuaries of the Atlantic and Gulf coasts. Flounder gigging is practiced both recreationally and commercially. North Carolina is the only state in the Mid Atlantic region where flounder gigging is allowed.
Flounder gigging is done at night, preferably with little or no moonlight. Calm or light winds and an incoming tide is also preferred by most fishermen. Water clarity is essential as the fisherman must see the outline of the fish before striking.
In its simplest form, this technique requires only a light and spear. Some fishermen wade in shallow areas, pulling a basket and inner tube which holds a battery to power a spotlight. Others choose to fish from a boat, which is usually equipped with bow mounted lights and a rail.