Speckled Trout Fishing Techniques
photo credit: Josenhans Fly Fishing
Speckled trout (spotted seatrout) are among the most beautiful saltwater fish found in the Mid Atlantic region. The fish have a streamlined body, silvery gray back and white belly. The upper parts of the fish have an iridescent sheen and black spots. The dorsal and tail fin are also spotted.
Speckled trout are caught locally using a variety of methods including fishing with live bait, cut bait, casting artificial lures, and trolling. In some areas, speckled trout can be caught by anchoring and bottom fishing with cut peeler crab or soft crab baits. Fish are sometimes caught in deep water along a channel edge, but most bait fishing for specks occurs around grass beds in 2-4 feet of water.
A wide variety of baits are used to catch speckled trout, including peeler crabs, soft crabs, squid, bloodworms, shrimp, minnows, mullet, cut spot, live spot, and even chicken breast strips soaked in peeler crab oil.
Artificial lures are also popular for shallow water speckled trout fishing. Anglers cast small jigs, soft plastics, and other lures around the edges of grass beds, stumps, points, creek mouths, oyster beds, and other areas.
Fly fishermen employ a flies that mimic bay local baits such as bay anchovies, mummichogs, mullet, spot, shrimp or blue crabs.
Speckled trout can also be caught by trolling. Anglers that troll target speckled trout, striped bass, and red drum with many of the same lures that are used for casting. Trolling along the shoreline can be effective, and is useful for locating speckled trout in a large area.
Tides are sometimes important for catching speckled trout. Many Chesapeake Bay anglers prefer fishing the last 2 hours of the incoming current and the first 2 hours of the outgoing. If this coincides with dusk, the fishing is more likely to be good.
Shallow water fishing for speckled trout is done in a number of areas throughout the Chesapeake Bay. In the mid bay, areas such as the lower Choptank, Nanticoke, and Honga rivers are known for being productive. Speckled trout are also found around several mid-bay islands including Holland, South Marsh, Smith, Tangier, Watts, Fox, and others.
Near Crisfield Maryland, countless acres of shallow water are known for their outstanding speckled trout fishing. On Virginia's Eastern Shore, small bayside creeks from the state line south to Cape Charles are also known for their speckled trout fisheries. In addition to speckled trout, gray trout, croaker, striped bass, bluefish, black drum, red drum, and other species share many of the same areas.
In some locations, anglers fish for speckled trout by casting bucktails to structure such as rockpiles, jetties, and shipwrecks. Popular lures include a plain white bucktail with a plastic worm and a piece of peeler crab. Other popular jigs for casting to structure include soft plastic lures in a variety of shapes and colors.
In North Carolina, speckled trout are caught in tidal creeks, shallow areas of the Pamlico and Albemarle Sounds, and along the Atlantic Coast. In areas where shrimp are present, anglers often fish live shrimp under a popping cork, Speckled trout are also caught on several North Carolina fishing piers, by anglers using both baits and artificial lures.