Maryland's Eastern Shore Rivers
On Maryland's Eastern Shore, the Chester, Wye, Sassafras, Choptank, Nanticoke, Wicomico, and Pocomoke rivers provide a wide range of freshwater, brackish, and saltwater fishing.
The major rivers of the Eastern Shore are fed by hundreds of smaller streams, creeks and tributaries which sustain their own unique diversity of freshwater fish species. Many of these tributaries experience seasonal migrations of yellow perch, white perch, striped bass, American shad, hickory shad, and river herring.
Within several rivers' upper watersheds are mill ponds and other impoundments. Most Eastern Shore mill ponds are relatively small. Many of these ponds and lakes have been dammed for hundreds of years and have diverse fish populations. Along their banks are cypress swamps, beds of spadderdock, ancient stumps and scattered fallen trees.
Near Easton, Tuckahoe Lake drains into Tuckahoe Creek, which flows into the Choptank River. Across the state line in Delaware, Trap Pond and other mill ponds drain into the upper Nanticoke. Near Salisbury, Johnson Lake, Leonard's Pond, and Tony Tank drain into the Wicomico River. To the south, Powellville Pond feeds into a tributary of the Pocomoke. In Somerset County, Eden Pond drains into the lower Wicomico.
The quality of fishing along any given stretch of river depends on the season, location, salinity, and other factors. In several Eastern Shore rivers, there are largemouth bass, black crappie, sunfish, chain pickerel, channel catfish, bullheads, carp, longnose gar, and other species.
In the lower sections, striped bass, white perch, channel catfish, and a variety of saltwater species are common. Along the lower stretches of most Eastern Shore rivers are historic towns. Once important ports for fishing and commerce, each river town has developed its own unique culture.